Fundamentals of Geophysical Data Processing
- A. Course Overview
Analytical mechanics efficiently extends the scope of classical mechanics to solve problems by employing the concept of a system's constraints and path integrals. Using these concepts, theoretical physicists—such asSchrödinger, Dirac, Heisenberg and Feynman—developedquantum mechanics and its elaboration, quantum field theory. Applications and extensions reach into Einstein'sgeneral relativity as well as chaos theory.
- B. Course Objective
At the end of this course, the students shall be able to:
(i) Describe the concept Newtonian mechanics
(ii) Describe Newtonian mechanics of motion of particle in one, two and three dimensions
(iii) Describe the system of particle and collision theory and Newtonian gravitation
(iv) Derive conservative forces and potentials.
(v) Describe Oscillations, central force problems, accelerated mechanics of continuous media, degree of freedom
(vi) Derive the Lagrange’s formulation and application
(vii) Derive calculus of variation and the principle of least action
(viii) Describe Hamilton’s formulation of mechanics, invariance and conservation laws and oscillating system
- C. Method of Teaching/Teaching Aids.
Lecture/Teaching method will be adopted in the delivery of the course.
- D. Course Outline
Module 1 (Week 1-2)
- Newtonian mechanics: Motion of particle in one, two and three dimension.
- System of particle and collision theory
- Newtonian gravitation, conservative force and potentials
Module 2 (Week 3- 4)
- Oscillations, central force problem and accelerated mechanics of continuous media.
Module 3 (Week 5-6)
- Degrees of freedom, generalized coordinates , Lagrange’s formulation and applications, calculus of variation and the principle of least action
Module 4 (Week 7-8)
- Hamilton’s formulation of mechanics, invariance and conservation laws and oscillating system
Module 5 (Week 9-10)
- Tutorial class and revision exercise
Tutorials questions and assignment will be given to the students at the end of each lecture to further establish their understanding.
- E. Method of Grading
Continuous Assessment 30%
Final Exam 70%
- F. Ground rules and regulations.
75% attendance at lecture is required for a student to sit for the examination.
Students are expected to be seated 5minutes before the commencement of the lecture.
- G. Alignment with Covenant University vision.
- Industrial Relevance – Analytical mechanics is applied in electronics industry, communication industries etc for theoretical formulation.
- I. Recommended Text
Geometric Mechanics by Richard Talman
Analytical Mechanics by Ingemar
- Teacher: MAXWELL OMEJE
- Brief Overview of Course:
This course discusses the age of the earth, the various components and the structure of the earth’s interior. It also touches on the study of earthquakes; causes and effects. The students will also understand the nature of the gravity field, rock magnetism, polar wandering and continental drift, heat flow, geothemometry, geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism. Also, polar geophysics, geodynamics and paleogeophysics will be taught. The students will also learn about the various methods of geophysical survey.
- b. Course Objectives/Goals:
At the end of this course, students are expected to:
- Understand the history of the earth and the structure of the earth interior
- Understand the causes and effects of earthquakes
- Explain the nature of the gravity field
- Describe the cause of rock magnetism and the various type of magnetism possible in rocks
- Understand polar wandering and continental drift
- Explain heat flow, geothemometry, geomagnetism, paleomagnetism ,
- Polar geophysics and geodynamics, paleogeophysics
- Understand the various methods of geophysical survey
- c. Method of teaching/teaching aids:
- Instruction and explanation
- d. Course outline:
Week 1: The Earth’s history
Week 2: The Earth’s interior
Week 3: Seismicity and earthquake zones
Week 4: The nature of the gravity field
Week 5: Rock magnetism
Week 6: Polar wandering and continental drift
Week 7: Heat flow and geothemometry
Week 8: Geomagnetism, Paleomagnetism, Polar geophysics, geodynamics
Week 9: Paleogeophysics and Introduction to methods of geophysical survey
Week 10: Gravity method, Magnetic method, Electrical method,
Week 11: Electromagnetic methods, Seismic method etc
Week 12: Revision
- e. Tutorials:
- The tutorials will be given and will later be solved in the class
- f. Structure of the programme/method of grading:
- Assignment15% + mid-semester test15% = 30% Continuous Assessment
- Examination: 70%
- g. Ground rules and regulations:
- All students are expected to be seated in the Lecture Hall before the stipulated time for the commencement of the Lecture. No student would be allowed or admitted into the Lecture Hall after 15 minutes into the Lecture.
- All assignments are expected to be duly submitted on or before their respective due dates.
- All students must meet 75% minimum attendance before he/she can be allowed to seat for the examination.
- h. Alignment with Covenant University Vision/Goals:
- Fully aligned
- i. Contemporary issues/Industry Relevance:
Knowledge gained in this course will be applicable in various fields such as oil and gas industries etc
- j. Recommended Text:
- Lowrie, W., Fundamentals of Geophysics, Cambridge
This course entails the study of wave and optics. It is therefore imperative for students offering this course to have successfully passed Phy112 as to enhance their understanding in the course. The wave aspect comprises wave phenomena, acoustical waves, harmonic oscillator, and waves in string, energy in waves, longitudinal waves, standing waves, group velocity, phase velocity, spherical waves and Doppler Effect. While the optics consists of refraction and reflection at spherical surfaces, thin and thick lenses, prisms, optical instruments, microscopes, telescopes, spectrometers, interference, diffraction, dispersion, scattering, thin films, crystal diffraction and polarization.